The word ‘Secularism’ was coined by the British social reformer George Jacob Holyoake (1817-1906). Many definitions of the word and concept of Secularism exist, but perhaps the best definition comes from the contemporary French scholar of Secularism, Jean Bauberot (see Photo), who sees it as made up of 3 parts :

  1. The separation of religious institutions from the institutions of the state and no domination of the political sphere by religious institutions
  2. Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion for all, with everyone free to change their beliefs and manifest their beliefs within the limits of public order and the rights of others
  3. No state discrimination against anyone on grounds of their religion or non-religious world view, with everyone receiving equal treatment on these grounds